Sudan’s capital, Khartoum is the country’s second largest city and it doubles as a state with a capital city of the same name. Khartoum is actually three cities in one—Khartoum proper, Omdurman—the old Mahdist capital and Khartoum north. The city sits along the left bank of the Blue Nile. As a confluence town, the city is located where the Blue Nile flowing from Lake Victoria and the White Nile flowing from Ethiopia meet. Just like the point at which both Niles meet (the al-Mogran) and continue their flow to Egypt, Khartoum is a melting pot of the different cultures that make up Sudan.
The city once served as Egypt’s military outpost, before it later grew into a centre of commerce. There are about 5 million people in the city today with a majority of them practising Islam, while Christianity and traditional beliefs have relatively low following.
The main languages used in the city are Arabic and English, though the former is more popular. The city has a tropical climate, characterized by high temperature which gets as hot as 38 degree Celsius during summer; i.e. between March and June. Autumn starts in mid-July and ends in September with its main feature being sandstorm. It is winter between October and March with temperature averaging 24 degree Celsius—this gives a dry and healthy weather. Anyone visiting Khartoum will do best to make the trip during winter as it offers an ideal climate for foreigners to enjoy the city’s tourism activities.
Khartoum is not a laid back city, so tourists who love site-seeing and shopping will find the city as a haven. The Al Mogran Family Park is a place worth visiting on a trip to Khartoum. In addition to its location—from where one could enjoy the serene view of Blue and White Nile confluence, the park is a great place for families to relax in the afternoon. At the Park are ferris wheels and other rides, open green spaces and plenty of street vendors offering up delicious local delicacies to visitors. The city is also home to some must-see museums including the National Museum for Ethnography, the Natural History Museum, Palace Museum. Souq Arabi, or the Arabian Market is at the town\'s commercial heart, aside being a place where you can buy everything you may need, it is also the heart of Khartoum\'s culture and action. For what it’s worth, don’t miss seeing Khartoum at night. It is a very scenic and beautiful city after dusk!
There are a number of fine restaurants in Khartoum offering an enticing selection of local and international cuisines with unique flavour, but tasting local delicacies will be a good idea. A staple in this city is Kissra, a special kind of bread made from corn. It is eaten using stew made with dried meat, dried onions, spices and peanut butter. You can also enjoy all sorts of fresh meats (chicken, beef, lamb and fish) which are slaughtered and prepared daily. Fresh vegetables (picked daily) are plentiful and feature on the menu as well. Strong coffee, spiced with ginger or cinnamon, as well as fruit or herbal tea such as kakaday (hibiscus tea) are the city’s popular drink. Beverages such as Tabaldi, Aradaid, Karkadai and Guddaim which are made from some local fruits are also popular, while Hilumur which is made from corn flour and spices is popular during Ramadan (the Muslim fasting month).