Ibadan is the capital of Oyo State, in South Western Nigeria. Established in the 16th century as a military outpost of the Oyo Empire, Ibadan gained huge prominence by mid-19th century after its settlers migrated from its original location to a more promising and prominent one. Known as the city of great warriors, Ibadan occupies a prominent position in the military, economic and political history of the Yoruba people. The city was favoured by the colonial masters in Nigeria who made it the administrative capital of the defunct Nigeria western region, a status it occupied till the collapse of the regions.
The city occupies an area of 3,080 km² making it one of the largest cities in Africa by landmass. It is 128 km inland northeast of Lagos and 530 km southwest of Abuja, Nigeria’s federal capital.
The name Ibadan is a corruption of the original name is (Ìlú) Ẹ̀bá-Ọ̀dàn, (the city at) the edge of the savannah. The city’s geographical coordinates are 7° 23′ 16″ North, 3° 53′ 47″ East; it has a tropical weather with rainy season between April and October and the dry season lasting from October to March. The about 3 million inhabitants in the city are predominantly Yoruba.
Ibadan is notable as a leading city in developmental trends in Nigeria. The city is the site of the first Television Station in West Africa, first University in Nigeria, first skyscraper in Nigeria among others.
The city is the administrative and economic hub of Oyo State and parades some landmarks and monuments some of which include the Mapo Hall, Irefin Palace and the city’s ancient protective walls parts of which still stand to this day.
“Ibadan, running splash of rust and gold-flung and scattered among seven hills like broken china in the sun.” J.P. Clark probably wrote this poem while viewing Ibadan from the top of Capt. Bower. This tower, which is the highest point in the city, is located at the Oke Are area of Ibadan. Let a visit to this tower be on your list of itinerary when planning your tour of Ibadan. Add Agbodi garden to your list too, it is a nice place to relax and catch fun. There is a swimming pool here for users. The cocoa house at Dugbe is a massive skyscraper in the city. The building is at a busy commercial area, within its premises is Shoprite, a shopping mall where you can buy about anything you need. Do not forget to visit the Mapo hall too; it is the first Town hall in the city. The beautifully designed colonial structure is perched on top of \"Oke Mapo,\" (Mapo Hill, “oke” is hill in Yoruba) where its hosts different events.
The best Ibadan delicacies are savoured at local canteens often sited under trees. The leading meal is Amala and Abula; a starchy meal made from yam flour (amala) eaten with a mix of ewedu—a local vegetable soup and gbegiri—sauce made from beans (the blend is called abula). Probably due to the city’s history as hunters’ abode, huge chunks of meat features prominently in most meals, and meats are prominent at most bars as a complement to chilled drinks. The main local drink is palm wine, it is a sweet sap tapped from palm tree. Don’t be swayed by the sweetness, you may get tipsy after a few glasses. As in other Yoruba cities, rice and stew; beans and starch-rich food such as yam, pounded yam, Eba and fufu (made from cassava) feature on the menu.