Abeokuta is the capital of Ogun State, southwest Nigeria. The city was established in early 19th century as a place of refuge from the ravaging slave trade of the era. Its prominent leader, Sodeke, fought many wars to wade off Ibadan, Dahomey and other cities that were waging wars to get captive for sale as slaves.
A historical city built around a rock by the Egba, the name ‘Abeokuta’ literarily means “underneath the rock.” It is symbolic as it bears tales of the city’s past. Originally, the settlers lived under the Olumo Rock. The rock has caves where they hide from invaders. The rock also provided a vantage point where the settlers monitored the movement of their enemies and strategised to defeat them. Today, the rock is a leading attraction and reference point in the city.
Abeokuta is situated at 7.15° North latitude, 3.35° East longitude and is 67 meters elevated above the sea level. It is the Ogun state administrative headquarters and largest city. It has about 593,100 inhabitants.
The city enjoys a tropical climate with two main seasons alternating all year-round: the rainy season is in charge between April and October, while the dry season takes over from October to March. Some of the city’s attractions are the Olumo Rock, the Alake’s Palace, the MKO Abiola International Stadium, June 12 cultural centre among many others